Between 1609 and 1879, the geographical, political, and ideological status of the Kingdom of Ryukyu (modern Okinawa) was characterized by its ambiguity. It was subordinate to its larger neighbors, China and Japan, yet an integral part of neither. A Japanese invasion force from Satsuma had conquered the kingdom in 1609, resulting in its partial incorporation into Tokugawa Japan's bakuhan state. Given Ryukyu's long-standing ties with China and East Asian foreign relations following the rise of the Qing dynasty, however, the bakufu maintained only an indirect link with Ryukyu from the mid-seventeenth century onward. Thus Ryukyu was able to exist as a quasi-independent kingdom for more than two centuries-albeit amidst a complex web of trade and diplomatic agreements involving the bakufu, Satsuma, Fujian, and Beijing. During this time, Ryukyu's ambiguous position relative to China and Japan prompted its elites to fashion their own visions of Ryukyuan identity. Created in a dialogic relationship to both a Chinese and Japanese Other, these visions informed political programs intended to remake Ryukyu.
In this innovative and provocative study, Gregory Smits explores early-modern perceptions of Ryukyu and their effect on its political culture and institutions. He describes the major historical circumstances that informed early-modern discourses of Ryukyuan identity and examines the strategies used by leading intellectual and political figures to fashion, promote, and implement their visions of Ryukyu.
Early-modern visions of Ryukyu were based on Confucianism, Buddhism, and other ideologies of the time. Eventually one vision prevailed, becoming the theoretical basis of the early-modern state by the middle of the eighteenth century. Employing elements of Confucianism, the scholar and government official Sai On (1682-1761) argued that the kingdom's destiny lay primarily with Ryukyuans themselves and that moral parity with Japan and China was within its grasp. Despite Satsuma's control over its diplomatic and economic affairs, Sai envisioned Ryukyu as an ideal Confucian state with government and state rituals based on the Chinese model. In examining Sai's thought and political program, this volume sheds new light on Confucian praxis and, conversely, uncovers one variety of an East Asian "prenational" imagined political/cultural community.
"On the Border of a Dream" is an eye-opening and uplifting memoir that tells the true story of a boy from rural Mexico who, at a young age, sets his mind to becoming a pioneering surgeon in the USA. The memoir follows Edgar Hernandez, first with his tight-knit family as an adolescent in Mexico and then as he journeys to the USA to pursue his dream.
In today's hotly contested political environment this book is poignant and pertinent as it offers a different view of the immigration debate. This book is written through the eyes of an "innocent child" which is a group we forget about when we choose to close our borders. It's descriptive writing makes the reader feel the tension that young Edgar endured as a child being chased by La Migra while illegally in the U.S. and mesmerizes the reader keeping you engaged and eager to understand why at age 10 he went back to Mexico and returned to the US legally a second time at age 11 because even at a young age he wanted to become an American Citizen the legal way.
The author captures the universal experience of every migrant establishing to the reader that hope is not easily extinguishable and that with unrelenting perseverance one can overcome tremendous odds. "On the Border of a Dream" is a true testament to the goodness of humanity and the integrity of immigrants who seek lives in the USA, not simply to better themselves but to better the American communities that they join as well.
This personalized book is a wonderful way to say "Happy Birthday" to a child named FABIAN. Celebrate FABIAN's birthday with birthday wishes for kids and birthday poems for kids. In the joyful story, adorable animals offer birthday wishes for FABIAN. The ultimate wish and gift is LOVE -- to give and receive. This birthday book features sweet rhymes and colorful illustrations to engage and enchant children.
If you want a DIFFERENT NAME, do not buy this book. Instead, go to LiveWellMedia.com to order this book with the name you want.
Reviews for Personalized Children's Books, Personalized Baby Books, Bedtime Stories and Coloring Books by Suzanne Marshall
Children love rhymes. This is why our birthday book includes birthday wishes for kids and birthday poems for kids. Birthday poems and rhymes are fun to read aloud. According to studies, poems for kids can help develop literacy, reading and language skills at an early age -- in a very fun way! So give birthday books full of birthday poems for kids and birthday wishes for kids. The illustrations in this birthday book include a cute bubble bee, a colorful fish, a lovely pony, an adorable pig, a sweet elephant, a panda bear, a groundhog, a baby lion, playful monkeys, a tiger cub, a dog and cat, two chicks, and a little lamb.
California's Silicon Valley is home to the greatest concentration of designers in the world: corporate design offices at flagship technology companies and volunteers at nonprofit NGOs; global design consultancies and boutique studios; research laboratories and academic design programs. Together they form the interconnected network that is Silicon Valley. Apple products are famously "Designed in California," but, as Barry Katz shows in this first-ever, extensively illustrated history, the role of design in Silicon Valley began decades before Steve Jobs and Steve Wozniak dreamed up Apple in a garage.
Offering a thoroughly original view of the subject, Katz tells how design helped transform Silicon Valley into the most powerful engine of innovation in the world. From Hewlett-Packard and Ampex in the 1950s to Google and Facebook today, design has provided the bridge between research and development, art and engineering, technical performance and human behavior. Katz traces the origins of all of the leading consultancies -- including IDEO, frog, and Lunar -- and shows the process by which some of the world's most influential companies came to place design at the center of their business strategies. At the same time, universities, foundations, and even governments have learned to apply "design thinking" to their missions. Drawing on unprecedented access to a vast array of primary sources and interviews with nearly every influential design leader -- including Douglas Engelbart, Steve Jobs, and Don Norman -- Katz reveals design to be the missing link in Silicon Valley's ecosystem of innovation.